Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not only that, Chinese is one more tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, additionally unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available unfavorable PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or a fact. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Last tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, strategies many similar sounds unique meanings. As a matter of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a character. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which is composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation isn’t related, the concise explaination the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings aren’t necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds such as u with an umlaut () that sounds like a mix of I and u. Like everything unfamiliar, it typically causes uncertainty and are worried. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the first step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language achievement.
The Strategies Previously Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah Expenses hikes conducted a research amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Offshore learners and uncovered interesting results which could help future learners in forming a complete study tactic. Her study revolves around the most used Chinese character learning strategies and how those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing on the Chinese characters.
The study finds that among finest twenty most regularly used strategies, eight regarding are dealing with when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the type is utilized for context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the mood.
7. Learning the explanation of the character.
8. Associating the character with previously learned character.
The next six strategies are often increase learners’ understanding from the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding an equivalent.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if fresh character already been used previously.
12. Finding out how to say hi in chinese intensive testing . used in conversation.
13. When using the character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the smoothness could provide in content.
However, learning strategies come to diminish beyond those two learning concentrations. There are only three strategies played with memorising newly learned avatar.
15. Saying and writing the character at duration.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mind.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And tend to be : only one strategy applied in practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed brand-new types of two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many years.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are found to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the new characters. A few strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making association with a similar character
Saying and writing the type repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of back as they learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. When studying modes are combined, a considerable improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials these kind of are learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students the materials built learning as they do anything. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection with the characters various other them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study shows that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding. One way work with this will be by using an app for example The Intelligent Flashcards. This particular flashcard app is intended for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient to review characters on such basis as chapters. Just does it show stroke order animation, it can be accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app bunches of more convenient that another app such as Anki. With Anki, although user may add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning strategy to incorporate is observing your characters tend to be in framework. This can be practiced by observing real-life conversations to add to the textbook and audio recordings conversation. Is actually interesting to remember that trainees studied on the inside abovementioned research were unwilling to adopt the training strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese song selections. There could be many options for this. Design and style of the shows or songs could not appeal to your learners.
Regarding this program is not only convenient. And even if the shows might accessed online, rarely is it subtitled in a choice of both Chinese and English which will make the shows more necessary to beginner learners in receiving the language. Also, most of this very popular Chinese Television programs fall in the historical genre, which is often a favourite among the Chinese, regarding The Empress of Asia. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is a bit more complex towards the contemporary spoken Chinese.